Galaxy Forum Japan – Cumulative


Galaxy Forum Japan 2017 — Tokyo

Saturday 25 February (10:00-16:00) @ Large Seminar Room & 4D2U Dome Theater, NAOJ Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan


Thematic Areas:

  • Preserving dark skies (in optical wavelength)
  • Preserving quiet skies (in radio wavelength)
  • Astronomy activities in metropolitan/urban areas


  • Sze-leung Cheung (IAU Office of Astronomy Outreach)

  • Saito Masao (Nobeyama Radio Observatory)

  • Steve Durst (International Lunar Observatory Association)

  • Naoko Yamazaki (Astronaut)

  • Hiroshi Kobayashi (SOKENDAI) etc.

  • Soh Arai

  • Misuzu Onuki

  • Masaaki Hiramatsu




Galaxy Forum is the primary education and outreach initiative of ILOA, it is an architecture designed to advance 21st Century science, education, enterprise and development around the world.

Galaxy Forums are public events specifically geared towards high school teachers, educators, astronomers of all kinds, students and the general public. Presentations are provided by experts in the fields of astrophysics / galaxy research, space exploration and STEM education, as well as related aspects of culture and traditional knowledge. Interactive panel discussions allow for community participation and integration of local perspectives.


  • More than 70 Galaxy Forums, with over 300 presentations to date.
  • Held in 26 locations worldwide including Hawaii, Silicon Valley, Canada, China, India, Southeast Asia, Japan, Europe, Africa, Chile, Brazil, Kansas and New York.
  • Started with Galaxy Forum USA, July 4, 2008 in Silicon Valley, California.

International Lunar Observatory Association (ILOA) is an interglobal enterprise incorporated in Hawaii as a 501(c)(3) non-profit to expand human knowledge of the Cosmos through observation from our Moon and to participate in internationally cooperative lunar base build-out, with Aloha – the spirit of Hawaii.

Galaxy Forum Japan 2016 — Tokyo

Saturday 20 February (10:00-16:00) @ NAOJ Mitaka Campus, Tokyo, Japan

GF Japan 16 - website graphic

The theme of Galaxy Forum Japan this year is 21st Century Frontiers of Astronomy and Observation. The event will be held at the NAOJ Large Seminar Room and 4D2U Dome Theater. Seating is on a first come first serve basis (limited to 80 participants). Most of the presentations and discussion will be in Japanese. Here is a link to a local website devoted to the event (

Provisional Program:

Time Topic Presenter, Affiliation
10:00 Intro
10:10 International Lunar Observatory Association: Astronomy from the Moon Steve Durst, ILOA
10:30 Space Architecture Misuzu Onuki
10:40 TBD (Human Perspectives of Galaxy, Space Exploration Naoko Yamazaki
11:20 4D2U Dome Theater Excursion “Mitaka software” to explore the Universe
12:20 Lunch
13:20 Astronomy from Chile Masaaki Hiramatsu, NAOJ
13:40 Lunar Exploration of the Next Generation Tatsuaki Hashimoto, JAXA
14:00 Panel Discussion – Advancing Galacticity in 21st Century Education: Bringing Galaxy (or galaxies) to the Classroom Moderated by Kumiko Usuda-Sato with support from Junya Terazono.
15:00 Break
15:05 TBD (Galaxy Education) Kumiko Usuda-Sato, NAOJ
15:25 Optical/IR Astronomy TBD, NAOJ
15:45 Conclusions
16:00 Adjourn


International Lunar Observatory Association: Astronomy from the Moon / Steve Durst, ILOA

Space Architecture / Misuzu Onuki

Astronomy from Chile / Masaaki Hiramatsu, NAOJ

Subaru Telescope and Very Large Telescope to visualize the mystery of the universe, TMT / Tomonori Usuda,NAOJ



Panel Discussion at the Galaxy Forum on February 20, 2016


Introduction by each panelist

(1.1) 臼田-佐藤 功美子(国立天文台)/ Kumiko Usuda-Sato (NAOJ)


E/PO activities for the local community on the Big Island of Hawai‘i for 15 years

  • オニヅカ・サイエンス・デーなどでの天の川銀河の模型工作 / “Make your own Milky Way model” activities at Astronaut Ellison Onizuka Science Day etc.
  • 出前授業・講演300回程度(preschool, kindergartenを含む)/ Classroom visits (including preschools and kindergartens) and presentations for the local community about 300 times
  • ハワイ島ギャラクシーフォーラムで数回基調講演 / gave keynote talks at Galaxy Forums on the Big Island of Hawai‘i
  • ハワイ島には、カールセーガンと一緒に仕事をしていたアーティスト、ジョン・ロンバーグ 芸術家 Galaxy Garden ←中性水素原子線 (HI) の電波データをもとに、直径30mの天の川銀河模型を植物などで製作 / Jon Lomberg, a space artist, developed the Galaxy Garden: a 30-m Milky Way model with plants and flowers. His model is based on observational data of atomic hydrogen

私達の銀河は上から誰も見たことがない/ Nobody can see the top view of our own galaxy

→天文学者はどのようにその地図を描けるのか?/ How can astronomers draw a map of our own galaxy?

  • 今描かれている地図の原型となった論文は1976年 / The very first, original map was shown at the paper in 1976 with star forming regions (HII regions)
  • 臼田-佐藤の銀河模型工作では、このデータを使用 / Kumiko uses this data for her milky way model
  • 模型を作りながら、どのように銀河円盤の中から銀河の地図を描くのかを学べる / Students can learn how to draw a map of our own galaxy from the inside when they make their own Milky Way models
人のものの見方を教えるのが銀河である。/ People can learn how to observe/understand things in nature through the Milky Way Galaxy


(1.2) 松本直記(慶應義塾高等学校)/ Naoki Matsumoto (Keio Senior High School)

高校の教育カリキュラム(理数教科)について / About a math-science curriculum at Japanese high schools

昔は冥王星まで(中学)。今は銀河まで。/ At a Junior high school: students previously learned about the Solar System (Sun-Pluto). Today they also learn about galaxies.

高校 基礎(物化生地) or 「科学と人間生活」/ At a high school: students select either basic science (physics, chemistry, life science, and earth science) or “Science and human lives”

地学はたった8%(昔)。今の地学基礎は28% / In the previous curriculum only 8% of students selected earth science. Today 28% of students select basic earth science

宇宙の構成・惑星としての地球 / In earth science students learn structure of the Universe and Earth as a planet



In other subjects (such as physics and chemistry) students learn only fundamental, old facts. On the other hands, in earth science student can learn the latest facts and discoveries (in these 20 years). By learning earth science, students can experience the evolution of scientific studies.

・多岐にわたりすぎて「目次学習」に / The challenging thing of earth science is that there are too many topics to learn, and students concentrate in memorizing the facts.

・因果関係の理解…どうしてそれがわかったのか? / Teachers should teach how scientists made this conclusion/this discovery, not just let students memorize the facts.

例えば、1AUが1.5億キロであるということがなぜわかったのか?/ for example, how did scientists measure the distance of 1 au (astronomical unit), that is, distance between Earth and the Sun?

最近、論理的に考えられない大学生が増えている(という印象を(私が))受ける。このような学生の増加には、因果関係の理解が不足していることが一因としてあるのではないか?/ Today less college students can think logically (Naokiʻs impression). This fact/impression is due to a lack of understanding of cause-and-effect logic.


(1.3) 山崎直子(宇宙飛行士)/ Naoko Yamazaki (Astronaut)

Soratopi 2016 (YACの宇宙ガイドブック) / A guidebook developed by YAC (Young Astronauts Club – Japan)

YAC=ボーイスカウトの宇宙版 / YAC is a kind of a space version of the boy scout.

YACは教材作りに力を入れている。/ YAC spends their efforts to develop teaching resources.

先生に宇宙を知ってもらう / YAC sends information of the Universe to schools teachers.

宇宙教育リーダーセミナー / Seminars for the leaders of space education

Utilization of ISS for education

Try 0G実験 / Experiments of “Try zero gravity”

公募テーマを実際に宇宙飛行士が実践してやってみる / Astronauts do the experiments inside the ISS proposed from the public including other Asian countries

ふたば未来学園 / Futaba Mirai Gakuen High School in Fukushima Prefecture


/ How to increase teachers who are curious about the outer space?


/ JAXA holds Space Education Leaders Seminar periodically


/ NASA has an Educator Astronaut program to inspire young generations


課外学習、総合学習 / afterschool programs, integrated learning

(2)ディスカッションDiscussion by panelists



Astronomy is a passive scientific field (astronomers only can detect lights and signals from space)

–> Astronomers are trained to SEE invisible things.

背景に触れる Touch the background

自分感覚からスタートする Use his/her own senses



Galaxies/Our Galaxy cannot be seen with our naked eyes, so people are not familiar with galaxies.

People are happy and can understand if they can see a visible model/image.

規模がでかすぎる →日常との乖離

A galaxy is extremely large compared to things in our daily lives.


YAC is collaborating each local community: YAC’s workplace is a science museum of each city/town.


At the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster in 1986, space teacher Christa McAuliffe died.


Ellison Onizuka, an astronaut from Hawai‘i also died. In Hawai‘i his family and friends keep “Onizuka Legacy” and hold annual Astronaut Ellison Onizuka Science Day. This year is the 30th anniversary since Challenger’s tragedy.


After Challenger’s tragedy, in 2003 Barbara Morgan, an educator astronaut, was selected as a crew of the Space Shuttle.

(3)質疑応答Question-and-answer session

  • 橋本樹明さん Tatuaki Hashimoto (JAXA)

宇宙は地学なのか? Should astronomy and space science be included in earth science?



To understand cause-and-effect logic, students should learn physics. However, it is difficult for 10th grade students to do it.

(橋本さんの意見に対して、松本直記さんより)From Naoki Matsumoto


Hasimoto-sanʻs point of view makes sense. On the other hand, we should distinguish skill development for experts-to-be from cultural accomplishment/ lifelong learning for general citizens. At citizen levels we should talk about science in our daily lives.

  • 矢治健太郎さん Kentaro Yaji (NAOJ)


Related to a teacher in space, a school teacher has been to Antarctica as a clue of a wintering team.


Galaxy Forum Japan 2014 – Tokyo

Saturday 13 December 2014 (2-5pm) @ Cosmos Building, NAOJ Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan

GF Japan 14 - website graphic revised

Galaxy Forum returns to the Land of the Rising Sun, one of the world’s 6 major space faring powers, Japan. ILOA collaboration with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA and the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan NAOJ, to advance Galaxy 21st Century Education continues this year at the Cosmos Building kindly provided by NAOJ at the Mitaka Campus.

The Feature presenter is Astronaut Naoko Yamazaki,

Yamazaki was selected as an astronaut candidate in February 1999, attended the ISS Astronaut Basic Training program beginning in April 1999, and was certified as an astronaut in September 2001. Yamazaki-san has participated in ISS Advanced Training and supported the hardware development and operation of the Japanese Experiment Module. In May 2004, Yamazaki completed Soyuz-TMA Flight Engineer training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center in Star City, Russia. In June 2004, Yamazaki arrived at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas to begin Astronaut Candidate Training school. In November 2008, JAXA announced that Yamazaki would become the second Japanese woman to fly in space on STS-131, scheduled to launch in 2010. On April 5, 2010 Yamazaki entered space on the shuttle Discovery as part of mission STS-131. She returned to Earth on April 20, 2010. Yamazaki retired from JAXA on August 31, 2011.

The program will also include:

Dr. Masaaki Hiramatsu — soon to be Chief of NAOJ Public Relations Office

Steve Durst — Director, ILOA / Editor and Publisher, Space Age Publishing Co.

Misuzu Onuki — presenting about Cities in Space

Professor Junya Terazono — Database Lab & CAIST/ARC-Space, The University of Aizu

International Lunar Observatory Association (ILOA) is an interglobal enterprise incorporated in Hawaii as a 501(c)(3) non-profit to expand human knowledge of the Cosmos through observation from our Moon and to participate in internationally cooperative lunar base build-out, with Aloha – the spirit of Hawai`i. The ILOA co-sponsors with its Space Age Publishing Company affiliate an international series of Galaxy Forums to advance 21st Century Education. Galaxy Forums, designed to provide greater global awareness, capabilities and action in Galaxy science, exploration and enterprise, are held in Hawaii, Silicon Valley, Canada, China, India, Japan, Europe, Africa, Chile, Brazil, Southeast Asia, Kansas and New York. Current plans are for expansion to Antarctica and beyond.

GF Japan 14 - 1st Public Announcement (Japanese) FINAL


Galaxy Forum Japan 2012 – Tokyo

Saturday 10 Nov 2012 (3:00-5:00pm) @ Science Agora 2012, Miraikan National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation

Galaxy Forum Japan 2012 Tokyo, Science Agora
ILOA has succeeded in coordinating Galaxy Forum Japan 2012 as part of the major national science festival called Science Agora at Miraikan. Held annually since 2006, Science Agora has continued to be one of the leading science communication events in Japan. Last year the event hosted 194 programs offered by 183 organizing parties; there were roughly 1,700 exhibitors serving more than 5,000 visitors during the three days.

The Galaxy Forum program includes:

Misuzu Onuki, Space Frontier Foundation: Forum Moderator

Steve Durst, ILOA / Space Age Publishing: ILO First Light Galaxy Imaging and 21st Century Education

Dr. Hidehiko Agata, NAOJ: Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) / Japan Participation

Daigo Fujita, Leave a Nest Co., Ltd: Why Leave a Nest’s Space Education Project Engaged So Many People?

Japanese Language Version:

English Language Version:


Galaxy Forum Japan 2011 – Tokyo

Saturday 10 December 2011 (1:00-5:00pm) @ Miraikan: National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation

Galaxy Forum Japan 2011

ILOA Galaxy Forum returns to Japan with the intention of advancing 21st Century Education and renewal for the future of Japan. Our dedicated team of local experts and organizers includes: Misuzu Onuki the Asia Regional Coordinator for the Space Frontier Foundation, Dr. Toshihiro Handa of Kagoshima University and Tomonori Hayakawa a Science Communicator for Miraikan. The National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, known as Miraikan, is an amazing facility for the people and particularly the youth of Japan.

The provisional program this year includes:

Misuzu Onuki, Space Frontier Foundation: Forum Moderator

Steve Durst, ILOA / Space Age Publishing: ILO First Light Galaxy Imaging and the ILOA 3 Missions

Dr. Hidehiko Agata, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan: “You are Galileo!” Project

Yuko Okayama, Miraikan Science Communicator: Miraikan’s Galaxy

Dr. Toshiaki Takemae, JAXA and Young Astronauts Club: TBD (Space Exploration / Education)

Prof. Junya Terazono, the Database Lab & CAIST/ARC-Space, The University of Aizu: Hayabusa: The Legacy and Future of Space Education and Outreach

Jon Lomberg, Hawaii Artist and Galaxy Garden founder: Galaxy Garden Hawaii & Planning for Galaxy Garden Japan

See our flier for the event below (click image for full-size):

Galaxy Forum Japan 2011 - Flier


Galaxy Forum Japan 2010 – Tokyo

Saturday 4 December 2010 (1:00pm-5:00pm) @ Miraikan (National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation).


    • Dr. Toshihiro Handa, Kagoshima University Faculty of Science, Dept. of Physics: Study of Astrophysics of the Milky Way Galaxy as a Template for Other Galaxies

Download the Galaxy Forum Japan flyer here.


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